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Cannabis 101

What do you need to know?

Lots. Everyone knows what marijuana is, surprisingly though when it comes to knowing how cannabis works most people haven't got a clue. It's understandable, there has been so much misinformation about cannabis it's easy to be confused about what is fact and what is fiction. Since 1903 there has been a war waged against cannabis, the US government declared marijuana a poison. In fact they changed the name of cannabis to marijuana. In 1970 it was declared as useless to medicine and medical research as the DEA created the Controlled Substances Act declaring cannabis as a Schedule 1 drug along with LSD, ecstasy, and magic mushrooms.

As a schedule 1 drug with "no medical benefits" essentially no one in the US could legally obtain cannabis without going through enormous red tape. Medical researchers were basically blocked from doing any research on cannabinoids. The US imposed it's stance on cannabis with it's global trade partners, ensuring cannabis would never be seen as medicine. The thing is cannabis is a weed, it grows everywhere, and people have wanted it for as long as record keeping existed. The reason is because it helps. I encourage you to keep reading, find out why cannabis has been part of human culture for nearly 4000 years.

Don't strain yourself

Are there different types of Cannabis?

The genetics of cannabis are broken down into 3 main categories:

  • Sativa: Higher THC vs CBD, an up high. Long narrow leaves, less dense buds.
  • Indica: More CBD and less THC than Sativas, couch lock. Shorter, fatter leaves, big full dense buds.
  • Ruderalis: is a low-THC species and is smaller than other species

The image above shows from left to right Sativa, Indica, Ruderalis

The reality is that these original genetics no longer exist as over the past 100 years the two primary strains Sativa and Indica have been heavily cross breed to produce plants that would grow in North America. Recently Ruderalis has been added to the genetic pool so smaller plants can be grown with shorter flowering times. 

The marketing of cannabis still references Sativa or Indica dominant this is purely based on someone smoking a joint and saying "Yea, big couch lock on that one, it's an Indica dominant strain." 

Also important to remember is that most of the hybrids are created with one goal in mind, more THC. While this sounds like a good thing, THC and CBD work together. When breeding for high THC, the CBD goes down. While cannabis was typically around 10% THC and 3% CBD on the 60's, today we see plants with 25% THC and .3% CBD. Take a look at the dosage page, when the THC to CBD ratio is unbalanced people have to deal with the negative effects of too much THC. CBD balances out the THC. Hopefully this trend will level out as growers are now starting to grow plants high in CBD and lower THC.

Cannabinoids

What is this stuff?

Now after the lesons on strains and all the talk about THC and CBD, what are these compounds?

Cannabis contains substances called cannabinoids, 113 different cannabinoids have been isolated from cannabis. The 2 that are of the most interest are Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD). THC contains the psychoactive components that makes you feel high, while CBD does not. Cannabinoids are very complex and science is just starting to find out exactly what parts of the plant affect which parts of our bodies.

CBD is the cannabinoid getting the most attention in the medical community as it has been shown to reduce anxiety, reduce seizures, mitigate the effects from chemotherapy, and much more.

THC while it contains the psychoactive chemicals, the latest research indicates that THC can cause cancer cells to turn off. A cancer cell is a cell that keeps dividing but won't die like normal cells. In recent studies cancerous cells were treated with THC, these cells regained the ability to shut off like they should have in the first place. Trials on mice are showing promise.

A medical cannabis pioneer Rick Simpson claims that properly extracted cannabinoids (his Rick Simpson Oil extraction) can cure cancer. The jury is still out on this one. We will let you do your own research into RSO and how to do it. 

Getting ready for edibles

Read more

Cannabis and your health

Read more

Some Cannabis History

Read more

All information provided is sourced from around the WWW and while we try to verify everything it is important to understand that this information may be incorrect or incomplete.

We do not promote illegal use of cannabis. Please adhear to the laws in your area.

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